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Cross-Media Information Spaces

The iServer platform enables cross-media linking based on a general Resource-Selector-Link (RSL) model. iServer not only supports links between different kinds of digital media, but also allows for the integration of physical and digital content. Links managed by the iServer platform are always directed. Every link is bound to at least one source anchor and points to one or more target components (multi-headed links). Furthermore, iServer does not distinguish between components which can be used as link sources and those applicable as target objects. This is achieved by introducing a general concept of entities as link anchors and targets within the underlying RSL model.

 

The simplest type of an entity is a resource, always representing an entire information unit. Using the resource concept we can, for example, link from an HTML document to a movie clip. To control the granularity of link anchors and targets we introduce selector as a subtype of entity enabling us to address parts of a resource. Further, each selector is located on a specific layer which allows for overlapping links with well defined semantics (multi-layered links). Access control and link sharing is supported by the user management unit.

The iServer architecture is designed as a platform which can be extended based on a plug-in mechanism. By implementing media-specific instances of the selector and resource components, any new type of media can be integrated. The framework has been used within the European projects Paper++ and PaperWorks for integrating physical paper and digital content and is the main component of our interactive paper infrastructure. Further, we are developing plug-ins for XHTML documents, movie clips and sound files. The sharing of link knowledge is supported by the distributed iSserver version based on Peer-to-Peer concepts.

More recently active components have been added to the iServer platform. An active component is a configurable piece of program code which gets executed on link activation. By using active components we can not only link to static content but design very interactive information environments.

More implementation specific information is available on the iServer project website.

Contact Persons

Moira C. Norrie, norrie@inf.ethz.ch

Beat Signer, signer@inf.ethz.ch

 

Related Publications

RSS listing of all publications

2012

Adriana Ispas, Sarah Schoeni and Moira C. Norrie, ARENO: Ambient REminder NOtes, Proc. 24th Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference (OzCHI 2012), Melbourne, Australia, November 2012
Available: abstract pdf

Beat Signer, Moira C. Norrie, Nadir Weibel and Adriana Ispas, Advanced Authoring of Paper-Digital Systems: Introducing Templates and Variable Content Elements for Interactive Paper Publishing, Multimedia Tools and Applications, pub. Springer, August, 2012
Available: abstract pdf

2011

Adriana Ispas, Beyond the Digital Capture of Paper Notes: Investigations of Enhanced Natural Notetaking based on Digital Pen and Paper Technology , Diss. ETH No. 20157, Zurich, Switzerland, December 2011.
Available: abstract pdf

Adriana Ispas, Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, An Extensible Digital Ink Segmentation and Classification Framework for Natural Notetaking, In Proceedings of the ACM SIGCHI Symposium on Engineering Interactive Computing Systems, (EICS 2011) Pisa, Italy, June 2011
Available: abstract pdf

Nadir Weibel, Beat Signer, Moira C. Norrie, Herman Hofstetter, Hans-Christian Jetter and Harald Reiterer, PaperSketch: A Paper-Digital Collaborative Remote Sketching Tool, In Proceedings of IUI 2011, International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, Palo Alto, USA, February 2011
Available: abstract pdf

2010

Adriana Ispas, Nan Li, Moira C. Norrie and Beat Signer, Paper-Digital Meeting Support and Review, In Proceedings of CollaborateCom 2010, 6th International Conference on Collaborative Computing, Chicago, USA, October 2010
Available: abstract pdf

Adriana Ispas, Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, A Study of Incidental Notetaking to Inform Digital Pen and Paper Solutions, In Proceedings of HCI 2010, 24th BCS Conference on Human Computer Interaction, Dundee, Scotland, September 2010
Available: abstract pdf

Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, Interactive Paper: Past, Present and Future, In Proceedings of PaperComp 2010, 1st International Workshop on Paper Computing, Copenhagen Denmark, September 2010
Available: abstract pdf

2009

Beat Signer, Alexandre de Spindler and Moira C. Norrie, Collaborative Ad-hoc Information Sharing in Cross-Media Information Environments, CoopIS 2009, 17th International Conference on Cooperative Information Systems, Vilamoura, Portugal, November 2009
Available: abstract pdf

Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, An Architecture for Open Cross-Media Annotation Services, In Proceedings of WISE 2009, 10th International Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering, Poznan, Poland, October 2009
Available: abstract pdf

2008

Elke Reuss, Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, PowerPoint Multimedia Presentations in Computer Science Education: What do Users Need?, In Proceedings of USAB 2008, 4th Symposium on Usability & HCI for Education and Work, Graz, Austria, November 2008 (best paper award)
Available: abstract pdf

Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, A Framework for Developing Pervasive Cross-Media Applications based on Physical Hypermedia and Active Components, In Proceedings of ICPCA 2008, 3rd International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Applications, Alexandria, Egypt, October 2008
Available: abstract pdf

Moira C. Norrie, Beat Signer and Nadir Weibel, Interactive Paper as a Reading Medium in Digital Libraries, Proceedings of ECDL 2008, 12th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, Aarhus, Denmark, September 2008
Available: abstract pdf

Marcus Liwicki, Kinga Schumacher, Andreas Dengel, Nadir Weibel, Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, Semantic eInk - Pen and Paper-based Interaction with the Semantic Desktop, Demo Proceedings of DAS 2008, 8th IAPR International Workshop on Document Analysis Systems, Nara, Japan, September 2008
Available: abstract pdf

Beat Signer, Papier als interaktives mobiles Medium, E-Learning Dossier 2008/03, June 2008
Available: abstract pdf

Beat Signer, Fundamental Concepts for Interactive Paper and Cross-Media Information Spaces, ISBN 978-3-8370-2713-6, Hardcover, 276 Pages, May 2008 (first published 2006 as Diss ETH No. 16218)
Available: abstract

Nadir Weibel, Adriana Ispas, Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, PaperProof: A Paper-Digital Proof-Editing System, In Proceedings of CHI 2008, 26th SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Interactivity Track, Florence, Italy, April 2008
Available: abstract pdf

2007

Paul Luff, Guy Adams, Wolfgang Bock, Adam Drazin, David M. Frohlich, Christian Heath, Peter Herdman, Heather King, Nadja Linketscher, Rachel Murphy, Moira C. Norrie, Abigail Sellen, Beat Signer, Ella Tallyn and Emil Zeller, Augmented Paper: Developing Relationships between Digital Content and Paper, The Disappearing Computer: Interaction Design, System Infrastructures and Applications for Smart Environments, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS 4500
Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72727-9

Moira C. Norrie, Beat Signer, Michael Grossniklaus, Rudi Belotti, Corsin Decurtins and Nadir Weibel, Context-Aware Platform for Mobile Data Management, Wireless Networks (WINET), Vol. 13, No. 6, Springer, December 2007
Available: abstract http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11276-006-9858-y

Beat Signer, Michael Grossniklaus and Moira C. Norrie, Interactive Paper as a Mobile Client for a Multi-Channel Web Information System, World Wide Web (WWW), Vol. 10, No. 4, Springer, December 2007
Available: abstract http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11280-007-0026-9

Michael Springmann, Adriana Ispas, Heiko Schuldt, Moira C. Norrie and Beat Signer, Towards Query by Sketch, Second DELOS Conference on Digital Libraries, Pisa, Italy, December 2007
Available: abstract pdf

Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, As We May Link: A General Metamodel for Hypermedia Systems, In Proceedings of ER 2007, 26th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, Auckland, New Zealand, November 2007
Available: abstract pdf

Michael Grossniklaus, Moira C. Norrie, Beat Signer and Nadir Weibel, Producing Interactive Paper Documents based on Multi-Channel Content Publishing, In Proceedings of AXMEDIS 2007, 3rd International Conference on Automated Production of Cross Media Content for Multi-channel Distribution, Barcelona, Spain, November 2007
Available: abstract pdf

Nadir Weibel, Beat Signer, Patrick Ponti and Moira C. Norrie, PaperProof: A Paper-Digital Proof-Editing System, In Proceedings of CoPADD 2007, 2nd Workshop on Collaborating over Paper and Digital Documents, London, UK, November 2007
Available: abstract pdf

Beat Signer, Ueli Kurmann and Moira C. Norrie, iGesture: A General Gesture Recognition Framework, In Proceedings of ICDAR 2007, 9th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Curitiba, Brazil, September 2007
Available: abstract pdf

Beat Signer, Moira C. Norrie and Ueli Kurmann, iGesture: A Java Framework for the Development and Deployment of Stroke-Based Online Gesture Recognition Algorithms, Technical Report ETH Zurich, TR561, September 2007
Available: abstract pdf

Nadir Weibel, Moira C. Norrie and Beat Signer, A Model for Mapping between Printed and Digital Document Instances, In Proceedings of DocEng 2007, ACM Symposium on Document Engineering, Winnipeg, Canada, August 2007
Available: abstract pdf

Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, PaperPoint: A Paper-Based Presentation and Interactive Paper Prototyping Tool, In Proceedings of TEI 2007, First International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction, Baton Rouge, USA, February 2007
Available: abstract pdf

Maristella Agosti, Stefano Beretti, Gert Brettlecker, Alberto del Bimbo, Nicola Ferro, Norbert Fuhr, Daniel Keim, Claus-Peter Klas, Thomas Lidy, Moira C. Norrie, Paola Ranaldi, Andreas Rauber, Hans-Jörg Schek, Tobias Schreck, Heiko Schuldt, Beat Signer and Michael Springmann, DelosDLMS - the Integrated DELOS Digital Library Management System, DELOS Conference on Digital Libraries, Pisa, Italy, February 2007
Available: abstract pdf

2006

Beat Signer, Fundamental Concepts for Interactive Paper and Cross-Media Information Spaces, Dissertation, ETH No. 16218, Zurich, Switzerland, 2006
Available: abstract pdf

Michael Grossniklaus, Moira C. Norrie, Beat Signer and Nadir Weibel, Putting Location-Based Services on the Map, In Proceedings of W2GIS 2006, 6th International Symposium on Web and Wireless Geographical Information Systems, Hong Kong, China, December 2006
Available: abstract pdf

Moira C. Norrie, Beat Signer and Nadir Weibel, General Framework for the Rapid Development of Interactive Paper Applications, CoPADD 2006, 1st Workshop on Collaborating over Paper and Digital Documents, Banff, Canada, November 2006
Available: abstract pdf

Moira C. Norrie, Beat Signer and Nadir Weibel, Print-n-Link: Weaving the Paper Web, In Proceedings of DocEng 2006, ACM Symposium on Document Engineering, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 2006
Available: abstract pdf

2005

Axel Vogelsang and Beat Signer, The Lost Cosmonaut: An Interactive Narrative Environment on Basis of Digitally Enhanced Paper, In Proceedings of International Conference on Virtual Storytelling 2005, Strasbourg, France, December 2005
Available: abstract pdf

Moira C. Norrie and Beat Signer, Information Server for Highly-Connected Cross-Media Publishing, Information Systems 30(7), November 2005
Available: abstract http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.is.2004.11.003

Moira C. Norrie, Alexios Palinginis and Beat Signer, Content Publishing Framework for Interactive Paper Documents, In Proceedings of DocEng 2005, ACM Symposium on Document Engineering, Bristol, United Kingdom, November 2005
Available: abstract pdf

Rudi Belotti, Corsin Decurtins, Moira C. Norrie, Beat Signer and Ljiljana Vukelja, Experimental Platform for Mobile Information Systems, In Proceedings of MobiCom 2005, 11th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, Cologne, Germany, August 2005
Available: abstract pdf

Ella Tallyn, David M. Frohlich, Nadja Linketscher, Beat Signer and Guy Adams, Using Paper to Support Collaboration in Educational Activities, In Proceedings of CSCL 2005, Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2005
Available: abstract pdf

Moira C. Norrie and Beat Signer, Overlaying Paper Maps with Digital Information Services for Tourists, In Proceedings of ENTER 2005, 12th International Conference on Information Technology and Travel and Tourism, Innsbruck, Austria, January 2005
Available: abstract pdf

2004

Moira C. Norrie, Paper on the Move, Keynote, Workshop on Ubiquitous Mobile Information and Collaboration Systems (UMICS), CAiSE 2004, 16th International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering, Riga, Latvia, June 2004
Available: abstract pdf

2003

Moira C. Norrie and Beat Signer, Switching over to Paper: A New Web Channel, In Proceedings of WISE 2003, 4th International Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering, Rome, Italy, December 2003
Available: abstract pdf

Corsin Decurtins, Moira C. Norrie and Beat Signer, Digital Annotation of Printed Documents, In Proceedings of CIKM 2003, 12th International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, New Orleans, USA, November 2003
Available: abstract pdf

Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, Multi-Layered Cross-Media Linking, In Proceedings of Hypertext'03, 14th ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia, Nottingham, United Kingdom, August 2003
Available: abstract pdf

Moira C. Norrie and Beat Signer, Issues of Information Semantics and Granularity in Cross-Media Publishing, In Proceedings of CAiSE'2003, 15th International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering, Klagenfurt/Velden, Austria, June 2003
Available: abstract pdf

Moira C. Norrie and Beat Signer, Web-Based Integration of Printed and Digital Information, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS 2590, February 2003.
Available: abstract pdf

2002

Moira C. Norrie and Beat Signer, Web-Based Integration of Printed and Digital Information, In Proceedings of DiWeb'02, 2nd Workshop on Data Integration over the Web, Toronto, Canada, May 2002.
Available: abstract pdf

2001

David M. Frohlich, Ella Tallyn, Nadja Linketscher, Beat Signer and Guy Adams, Reading Augmented Paper: Children's Experiences from a Simulation Study, Technical Report HP Labs, HPL-2001-308, November 2001.
Available:

 

47 publications on this page.

 

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